Electrolyte Disturbances in COVID-19 Patients

Document Type : Original Article


1 Faculty of Medicine, Internal Medicine Department

2 department of internal medicine,faculty of medicine ,assuit university,assuit,egypt

3 Department of internal medicine,faculty of medicine,aswab university,aswan,egypt

4 Department of internal medicine,faculty of medicine,aswan university,aswan,egypt


Background: COVID-19 is respiratory pandemic that emerged in 2020. COVID-19 manifestations ranged from asymptomatic to severe ones and death. Majority of cases have a mild self-limited presentation (81%), but severe respiratory symptoms (14%) as dyspnea, tachypnea, and hypoxia require hospital admission.
Aim of the Work: To estimate incidence and types of electrolyte disturbances in positive COVID-19 patients.
Patients and Methods: This cross-sectional study, 200 adult patients with proved COVID-19 by PCR for SARS- CoV2 RNA with nasopharyngeal specimens. admitted in isolation department at Aswan University Hospital, from October 2021 till April 2022. Patients were homogenized with regard to age, gender, and underlying electrolytes. The study was conducted under the approval of the Ethics Committee of the Aswan University Hospital and written informed consent forms were obtained from all patients.
Results: The mean potassium, calcium and magnesium of the included patients were was statistically significant difference, but sodium and chloride were statistically non-significant difference.
Conclusion: Electrolyte disturbances are complications in COVID-19 patients which lead to death, measure disease status and progression. Dysnatremia, hypokalemia, hypocalcemia, hypochloremia are the most common electrolyte disorders in SARS-CoV-2 infection. If these disorders are observed, definitive and immediate treatment should be started.


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