Prevalence of neurological fetal anomalies diagnosed by ultrasonography in Sohag governorate

Document Type : Original Article


Anatomy and human emberiology


BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies affecting the central nervous system are among the most prevalent .Fetal neurological malformation are second only to cardiac malformations in their frequency of occurrence.The most common central nervous system anomalies are neural tube defects, which affect roughly 1-2 of every 1000 newborns.
THE AIM OF THIS STUDY: The study detected the accuracy of ultrasound to diagnose CNS abnormalities .
METHODS: Descriptive cross-sectional study on 567 pregnant women patients coming for antenatal care at Sohag Governorate undergoing mid anatomical scan between September 2021 and December 2022. After getting approval from the ethical committee at Sohag University and written consent from each woman.
RESULTS: Mid anatomical scans were performed on 567 pregnant women who presented for antenatal care in the Sohag Governorate.
It was noticed that (90% n=510) females in the current study had not neurological congenital anomalies in her baby and (10% n=57) had neurological congenital anomalies in her baby.
CONCLUSIONS: Based on these findings, we can say that ultrasonography is useful for detecting and diagnosing some defects of the fetal central nervous system.


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